Mechanized farming of Beekeeping Industry

China has a long history of beekeeping, beekeeping supplies is a new law introduced by the beginning of this century the Italian bee species and the live frame beehive and rearing management technology began. Twenties various nest bee wax foundation machines have been used in the production, beekeeping in the history of China's major reform. Eve of the founding of New China, the country there are about 400,000 to 500,000 new law beekeeping group, which is about 5% of the then Soviet Union, the United States 10 percent. The late fifties, the state has set up beekeeping beekeeping research institutions and schools, to develop beekeeping career. To 1985, there were 6.67 million bees swarm, an annual output of 155,000 tons of honey, ranking second in the world (second only to the Soviet Union). Annual export volume of 54,000 tons of honey, ranking first in the world. However, the average honey production per Qunfeng also reached only 22.8 kilograms, is the world's middle level.
    
China began to reform in the fifties beekeeping tools 1957 Shanghai nest foundation to create a semi-automatic hand dryer. 1968, electric septum was successfully developed.Mid-eighties, the use of live frame beehive bees have been bred for over 80% of the total colony. 100% of the colonies with a sub-machine to take honey honey, but most or manually type. Other small tools, such as cutting honey knife, from the scraper, spray smoke detectors, every king boards, pollen interception, etc., have been a lot of promotion and application, however, the overall level of mechanization of beekeeping seems China is still relatively low. Up to 1985, the per capita number of colony management group there are only 30 beekeeping tools, beekeeping equipment or so.
    
Beekeeping equipment in mid-1980s, management tools, honey equipment, manufacturing machinery nest foundation, bee harvesting machinery and transport machinery applications are becoming increasingly prevalent.
    
Management tools, the use of a surface mesh, spray smoke detectors, from the scraper, anti-sting gloves, bee brush, bee stool, cutting honey traps, buzzer, nest door claustrophobic device, Pirates of the bee prevention device, every king board, polleninterception device as well as grants and other feeding feeding. Equipment for honey, various forms of honey machine is Simple, small, etc. manually, there are some electric, some well-controlled device. Honey auxiliary equipment, the use of bee removal, cutting wax cover, cover processing tools such as wax and honey filtration devices and conveying equipment - a honey pump. Septum manufacturing equipment, there are a variety used in production. 1978, made the first domestic electronics manufacturing machine tools CNC machine nest foundation, engraving process fully automated, but not widely promoted. Septum manufacturing mechanization level is still very low, mainly because there is no dedicated staff and promote the use of units of the organization.
    
Except for a few beekeeping given to rearing, feeding mostly turn to in order to chase wins honey flower. There used to transport bees turn to private cars, mobile Fangfeng vehicles, transporting bees for pollination platform trucks and other vehicles and mobile honey special vehicles. 1983, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Institute developed beekeeping bees turn to medium-sized private transport vehicles, has been extended more than 800 vehicles, with good results in the beekeeping season also doubles as other aspects of the transport vehicles.
    
Bee harvesting equipment, the use of cutting honey capping machine, sub-machine honey, royal jelly suction, centrifugal separators, beeswax squeezer, melting wax, pollen interception device, gum box, from the scraper, electric take venom and so on.
    
The main bee products processing equipment, a mezzanine stirring the pot (warm-up), sedimentation tank, sealed filter plate condenser (heating and cooling), thin-film evaporator, vapor-liquid separator, metering pumps, gear honey pumps, vacuum pumpsand dispensing machines and so on. Chinese bee products processing, has a complete set of equipment. However, the accuracy of the equipment, process monitoring and self-control, etc., there is still a gap compared with advanced equipment.
    
China's special breeding industry, are all aspects of extensive development. In addition to the foregoing, there are rabbit, deer, mink, and other special animal husbandry. These small-scale farming, mechanization level is low, but high cost of absorbing surplus labor in rural areas, improve the rural economic income, is important. Since the eighties, has been part of a special level of mechanization of farms has increased, and some warren also from abroad combined Tushe and full feeding machinery and equipment, the use of closed or semi-open type Tushe, artificial environment, cage rearing, feeding pellet feed machine, automatically provide drinking water, mechanical scraper or flush manure removal, hair and other modern mechanized farming methods.

 


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