Beekeeping Technology and basic Beekeeping Tools

Beekeeping and management tools, machines and equipment referred to bee. Bee and many wooden bee can make the best, prepare yourself. However, be sure to follow standard manufacturing, uniform specifications. Many different types of bee, beehive here only nest out and some feeding and management tools, combined with the production of other bee narrative content.
(A) Bee hives
Contains an active nest box hives (live frame beehive), is an important scientific beekeeping production tools. Application live beehive beekeeping box, which can be opened hive bees come to understand the situation honeycomb observe bees living activities, according to the needs and possibilities, the production of bee products, and facilitate its transfer to rearing.
Beehive long-term placement in the open air, to withstand rain, sun, and the bees in the hive must be active, tending bees, stored feed, so the need to use a solid beehive structure, light weight, easy to deformation of wood, but also to fully dry. Northern red pine, white pine, basswood, paulownia, fir southern appropriate.
At present, China bee keeping Europe the most commonly used standard beehive beehive is 10 frames and 16 frames horizontal beehive; rearing bee bee should use the standard beehive.
1,10 frame standard beehive
10 frame standard hive keeping Europe the world's most widely used bee hives. It consists of 10 nest boxes, deputy head (or sand cover), cover and divisions. When necessary in the box body (nest boxes) superimposed following box. Following the end of the beehive box and the live box body generic. Bee colonies when grown to 8-10 frame superimposed following the box, you can expand the hive timely, give full play to the queen's fecundity, cultivating strong group. King across the board can be used for educating insect nest box boxes storage area and following the distinction separating honey, help to improve the quality of honey and honey accelerated maturation.
2,16 beehive frame horizontal
16 boxes containing 16 standard horizontal hive nest boxes recumbent style beehive.Horizontal expansion by adding a card to the hive. You can also use the platen divided into 2-3 zones with the beehives, the implementation of multi-group feeding the same box.
3, center standard beehive
Center beehive is designed for standard scientific breeding center designed beehive.
Following the use of shallow center standard beehive boxes, high 135 mm, mainly for honey storage effect. Nest nest round hole on the door several doors, a diameter of about 4 mm, can prevent mellifera drill, Pirates of the discovery of Apis mellifera bees in hives when honey following nest door closed, round hole out from the center.
These three beehive box body (nest boxes) and the inner circumference of the nest box dimensions, see 4-1 and Table 4-2.
4, easy to transport beehive
Zhejiang Agricultural University transporter beehive design, especially suitable for transfer to feeding, and 10-frame structure is basically the same as the standard beehive. ① special structure inside walls of the box after box from the order of 60-100 mm tank installed at comb quick fixer; ② container body side wall lower box board, outstretched tank wall 55 mm, height 10 mm section, can be installed nest door flap, a section of its 10 mm, can be installed nest door flap, nailed on the cover, turn off the nest when the door flap, but also as a bee habitat corridors; ③ bottom from the front 120-220 mm from the edge of the window to open an emboldened with skateboards, can open and close (Figure 4-5).
(Two) nest foundation
Nest foundation is installed in the nest box for bee nests spleen foundation. It is the artificial bee plate with a septum machine pressed, with nests and nest room housing bottom wall foundation (Figure 4-6.) Has bee used for feeding Europe Italy honeycomb base, production drone hive with male basis, in keeping with the center bee nest foundation. Use the honeycomb nest foundation tectonics neat, smooth, strong, and Shaoxiong hive.
(Three) feeding and management tools
1, the surface network
Mesh is to manage the bees to protect the operator from the head and neck stung appliances (Figure 4-7) .2
2, from the scraper
Beekeeping special tools. One end is a curved blade, one end of the flat blade (Figure 4-7). Deputy head with his prying, scraping shovel dirt inside the beehive.
3, spray smoke detectors
Town clothes or expulsion bees tool. When used in the paper, such as hay or linen ignited inside the chimney into hair, cover mouth, agitation bellows to spray smoke (Figure 4-7), be careful not to spray flame.
4, bee sweep
Mainly used to eliminate comb attached to the bees, is a long long flat brush.
5, bee stool
Management can be placed with a bee and records, and inspection of bees was sitting (Figure 4-8).
6, every king board
Is to control the scope of activities of the queen spawning and grid plate, the worker bees can freely pass through (Figure 4-9.) Plane across the board is the king of the sterile insect nests and honey storage tank separated following the easy to take honey and improving the quality of honey. Box-type isolation king queen control board can be put on the spleen in a few eggs.
(A) feeding utensils
Fed with honey or syrup with a variety of commonly used are the following:
1 bottle feeders
Consists of a wide-mouth bottles and base composition. Caps inch nails out with a number of holes, the bottle will be filled with honey rewind, insert the base, honey can flow without dripping. Evening nest door insert it from the nest, feeding reward, to avoid stealing bees. For less than a weak group box, you can place it on the outside of the separator beehive feeding.
Agricultural University of Hebei apiary developed plastic cup feeders, easy to carry.Poured into the syrup, cover bottom, flip down flat bottom, insert them from the nest nest.
2, box-type feeders
Nest box is similar to the size and length of the standard flat feeding trough (Figure 4-10), a wooden, bamboo made of plastic, can also be made thick bamboo. There veneer floating inside the bar when fed bees foothold for smoking. Box feeders suitable for subsidies feeding.
Furthermore, the nest box beam hewn rectangular shallow grooves, can be used as a small fed honey.
(A) Other beekeeping tools and equipment
Beehive, nest boxes and other wooden bee majority, need regular maintenance to attract repairs. Therefore, the beekeepers to learn the basic operation of woodworking techniques, we should have woodworking tools, such as sawing, planing, hammers, screwdrivers, etc.
Beehive (including nest boxes, following boxes and nest box), septum, surface network, from the scraper, sub-dense namely, feeding, etc. are essential bee equipment, according to production needs may be additional production of royal jelly, bee pollen orpropolis tool melting wax equipment.


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